Sanand Nutrition Project - WIN Foundation

Sanand Nutrition Project - WIN Foundation
Developing Women Entrepreneurs & Improving nutrition intake in children and young women in five Gram Panchayats of Sanand

The greater effectiveness of Market creating interventions for social impact than pure supply-side approaches has been studied and put forth by late Prof. Clayton Christensen and his team. WIN Foundation’s nutrition projects follow this market creation approach through a simultaneous Push (Supply) and Pull (Demand) approach. The project involves nearly 100% women in project leadership and execution. The objective of the projects are:

  • To promote women empowerment through women-led micro-enterprises.
  • To promote nutritive intake in the vulnerable communities, focusing on children and young women
Our new nutrition multistakeholder project, with Samerth Charitable trust as implementing NGO partner launched in September 2021, is progressing fast in mobilizing, training, and developing women entrepreneurs in the area of Sanand covering 5 villages with appx. 25000 population. 30 potential women participating actively participated in the sessions, towards their journey as nutrition entrepreneurs.

Mr. Nikesh Ingle, certified master trainer is conducting training to train the project field stall and also the budding potential women entrepreneurs to support them for all stages of business.

On the occasion of Diwali, as a part of the training session, the project team has organized two days of trial product developing sessions to develop some of the local snacks. WIN Foundation supported to set up of a mobile kitchen facility. The enthusiastic potential women entrepreneurs actively participated and made 11 snacks. The products have been also sent to Nutrition Group CTARA, IIT Bombay for nutrition analysis. The feedback will help to guide the women entrepreneurs to think and work towards their final nutrition products.

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WIN- Innovation for Social Impact | Science in Action Series

WHEELS India Niswarth (WIN) Foundation's October 2021 Newsletter!

The country’s recovery from the Covid19 second wave, which began around June, continued over this quarter. Concern remains about the possible third wave, but it is tempered by larger vaccination numbers as well as larger healthcare capacities established to meet future waves.

India’s economy showed good resilience even during the second wave, with encouraging recovery since mid-May. The GDP in Q1 (Apr-May-Jun 2021) showed substantial growth over Q1 of the previous year (Apr-May-Jun 2020), though the second wave was much more vicious than 1st wave, showing that some major segments of the economy worked out suitable means to continue to function during the covid outbreak.

Our project partners, both the field level NGOs and Institutions, are operating normally now.

Our last newsletter issue on innovations received very positive feedback and also queries. We continue to scout for more innovations and also scale up those already introduced earlier.

We have launched our online Skilling platform, We offer this platform at no cost to the NGOs, Startups, Institutions, and other skilling/training providers for any social impact skilling/training programs, with the aim to enable them to reach a wider audience across the country.

From this issue, we start a Science in Action Series, with articles in simple and compact form, which distill the learnings of WIN and its project partners over years, and present science-based practical solutions, with examples, for critical challenges in our domains facing the country. We have covered water governance, wastewater management/water recycling, cleaning of Septic Tanks and Sewerage lines. We will cover more incoming issues and we also welcome articles from others. This is aimed to bridge the gap between scientific literature and practical project applications.
We hope you enjoy reading this newsletter and look forward to your feedback.

We also invite contributory articles, case studies, etc. for future issues or suggestions for collaboration.

Paresh Vora
Director - India Operations

Latest Updates

WIN continues to address the critical challenges in the area of Maternal and child nutrition. We have launched a new project in these 5 villages in Sanand, Ahmedabad. It follows our multistakeholder approach, with Samerth Charitable Trust as a principal implementation partner, with additional support from SMDT for nutrition training, CTARA-IIT Bombay for nutrition recipe/analysis expertise, and Mr. Nikesh Ingle for women microentrepreneurship training.

With the iTIC Incubator at IIT Hyderabad, we had launched `WIN Challenge - Track 1’ for AI/ML solutions for - Infant Child Growth and Health Monitoring through photographs uploaded on the cloud from regular mass-market smartphones. This is a critical part of the solution for malnutrition. The 2 selected winners have begun working on solutions for this critical challenge.

WIN Foundation is again a category partner for the domains of (1) Water and Sanitation and (2) Maternal and child health, for the National Bio Entrepreneurship Competition (NBEC) 2021, organized by C-CAMP on behalf of the Department of Biotechnology. WIN Foundation has been the category partner for NBEC -2019 & 2020 for these two domains. The grand finale of this competition will be held in the month of December’21.

WIN continues to support the adoption of innovations in our domains at the grassroots through various programs. In this, we continue to (i) scout for more relevant innovations, (ii) increase adoption through skilling within the community to understand and use the innovative technologies in the field.

We have launched our online Skilling platform It is based on the widely used open platform. We offer the usage of this platform at no cost to the NGOs, Startups, Institutions, and another skilling/training providers for any social impact skilling/training program, under their own banner. Our platform offers the following:
  • A partner home page.
  • Partners can offer any number of courses to any number of students.
  • Ability to define course curriculum and sequence, a wide variety of course content and reference material, evaluation including assignment, discussion forums, and certifications.
WIN will continue to maintain the platform on the cloud, at its own cost, as a service to a vast community of potential learners for such critical skilling programs and the skilling/training providers. Please Indicate your interest with basic details at
Science in Action Series

WIN Foundation's vision to support innovations for sustainable social impact requires us to continuously seek science and technology which can be translated to the field and adopted by communities, with help of our NGO partners. Under this series, we aim to bring simple and compact articles talking about actionable insights and solutions for challenges facing our society, which NGOs, professionals, communities themselves to improve the quality of life and work at the grassroots, and also improve public services and natural resource management. We present 3 articles on this issue and will bring more such articles to future issues. We welcome contributions to this series.

Water and Sanitation – Challenges and Opportunities for enhancing governance in rural/tribal areas

~ Paresh Vora, Director, India Operations, WIN foundation & Dr. Yogesh Jadeja, Founder and Director, Arid Communities and Technologies.

“Water touches every aspect of development and it links with nearly every Sustainable Development Goal (SDG). It drives economic growth, supports healthy ecosystems, and is essential and fundamental for life itself. Some 2.2 billion people around the world do not have safely managed to drink water services, 4.2 billion people do not have safely managed sanitation services, and 3 billion lack basic handwashing facilities.” – World Bank

3 The Government of India has recognized the massive challenges in Water and Sanitation domain and launched the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, Atal Bhujal Yojana, and Jal Jeevan Mission. Water shortages and poor quality affect hundreds of districts. Our agriculture suffers from vagaries of water supply, seriously affecting the food and nutrition security of the country as well as the livelihood of small farmers.

The annual natural water cycle provides our limited freshwater, mostly during the monsoon, stored on the surface as well as in the ground and then used over the season, till the next supply arrives. On the other hand, the increased demand for water due to modern lifestyle and industry has led us to over-use surface water and over-extract groundwater. This has lowered water levels and increased salinity in groundwater. This, coupled with pollution due to human and industrial contaminants, has added to the water problems.

Before looking at solutions, a few key points worth noting:

  1. While items like petrol, get used up, i.e. converted to another substance, water “usage” converts typically water to impure or polluted water. Proper treatment and recycling can increase the supply of available water.
  2. Nature’s water cleansing processes are inadequate for our levels of pollution. E.g. Human waste will take many months to decompose, while chemicals and plastics may take tens of years.
  3. Agriculture uses about 90% of water. Optimized water use in agriculture increases yields and also preserves soil health.
  4. Water is basic to all life on earth. So it is also important to use water in a manner that protects the living ecosystems around us.

Hence, the Governance model for water at various levels of government needs to focus on: (i) conservation, (ii) optimized usage, (iii) recycling and reuse of water.

Water governance also needs to be decentralized to the lowest administrative levels, due to distributed nature of storage and consumption and agriculture being the largest user of water. Villages panchayat and associated groups should form the bedrock of water governance.

The newly launched Atal Bhujal Yojana and the Jal Jivan Mission offer an excellent opportunity to create a sound and long-term water governance structure, including policies, rules, and regulations, protocols among participating administrative bodies, with participation by all stakeholders. This document primarily talks of water governance in villages.

Objectives of Water Governance
Villages desire water security, to ensure that their water demand for all uses is met from the available water supply. Thus both supply and demand-side management is required. The inflow of water in a village is based on rainfall, river, springs, or canal inflows brought to the village. This water is stored in rivers or springs, lakes, ponds, open wells, and groundwater aquifers. Water storage optimization is the key need.

The largest usage of water is in agriculture, with other major uses being family, cattle, and any industries located in or around the village. Thus agricultural practices, including crops selected, have the largest impact on demand for water. Optimized water usage, not only conserves water but also results in better agricultural productivity and retains soil and water quality.

Village Level
Hence, at the village level, the water governance system should be centered on the Village Panchayat. The system should include:

  • understanding Water supply and demand, creation and implementation of water security plan and water resource management protocols.
  • impact measurement and corrective actions. Water Resource Committees, together with Farmers groups, Women groups, and similar bodies need to be involved as stakeholders and contribute to the decision-making. Village bodies need to ensure non-discriminatory decisions, so that water is provided inequitable manner to all.

Village panchayats can adopt suitable water policy legislation, in coordination with neighboring villages as well as nearby industries. This should be respected under the Panchayat act, with suitable methods for dispute resolutions in minimum time through administrative, arbitration, or judicial means.

Cluster / Block / Taluka Level
4 Springs, rivers, canals, and aquifers span across many villages and even districts. Hence coordination is required at village-cluster, block, and taluka levels. At village cluster levels, the respective Panchayats need to develop mechanisms to coordinate and cooperate on demand and supply issues. The taluka panchayats also need to play a role of coordination, when required to resolve differences. This will help village clusters to move from dependence to independence and then to inter-dependence to ensure more long-term stability in water security, better ecosystem management, and economic and social progress.

District / State / National Levels
5 The towns, villages, industries, forests - all of them impact and are impacted by water governance in an interdependent manner. So higher level coordination at the District, State, and national levels is required to ensure an equitable solution for problems. For E.g. The inevitable expansion of urbanization and industrialization causes overdrawing of water by the outlying urban colonies and reduces water for adjoining villages. This document does not aim to define these higher-level governance structures.

While top-down approaches are important for initiating major changes as well as maintaining accountability and direction at a higher level, a simultaneous decentralized approach at village and cluster/taluka levels is essential to bring a transformational change through participation by stakeholders at the ground level. This alone can lead to tackling current challenges in water in a more efficient and sustainable manner.

6 7 Traditional water conservation structures and practices were implemented by village-level skilled persons. Today it is imperative to develop a village-level cadre (called Bhujal Jankars or Jaldoots) with training on traditional methods, upgraded with current technology and processes. Constant upskilling is required to adopt new methods. They need to understand water supply and demand, hydrogeology of the area, weather and rainfall, water conservation and recharge structures, testing and measurements, and the ability to coordinate among various groups in the village.

The person should also have basic knowledge of agricultural practices and be able to coordinate with external agriculture experts. This also creates livelihood opportunities at the village level. With such a cadre, the Village bodies will have the knowledge and implementation expertise support to implement important supply and demand-side initiatives.

Virtual Knowledge and Practice Excellence Centre
8 9 The skilled cadre of respective villages will form a team, to study the cluster, block, and taluka level issues and provide technical backup to the solutions implemented. This team needs to be linked to level experts from NGOs, Institutions, Industry, Government, as required, for guidance on more complex issues.

Data and data analytics has emerged as a very powerful tool in all domains in the twenty-first century. It has huge potential in agriculture, with its diverse data sets, the huge amount of traditional and modern knowledge needed to distill learning and make it available to farmers. Extensive data, captured from thousands of farms, on water, soil, weather, agricultural practices, inputs and outputs, prices, over a period of years, enables farm level advisories for even marginal farmers cost-effectively and has the potential to vastly improve agricultural science. This will go a long way to meet the farmer’s income needs and the nation’s need to meet the challenges of food and nutrition.

Thus, over a period of time, this body will form multiple virtual centers of excellence, capable of drawing from and contributing to higher-level expertise and supporting diverse local conditions and needs.

Evidence through Action Research under the Participatory Ground Water Management Program by ACT
10 Most of the above steps have been implemented under the Participatory Ground Water Management project, carried out by Arid Communities and Technologies, with support from WIN Foundation and Tata Power Ltd. In a cluster of 19 villages of Mandvi Taluka in Kutch district in Gujarat, local youth were trained as Bhujal Jankars and in turn, they prepared village-level water security plans in discussion with village communities, under guidance from ACT. Supply-side interventions and demand-side interventions were carried out followed by the introduction of innovations. Knowledge management systems were developed, including protocols, processes, and data systems. This has enabled replication in other locations:

  • Khambhalia area in Dwarka district.
  • Abdasa and Nalia talukas in Kutch, with suitable adaptations for different hydrogeological, socio-economic, cultural conditions.

This has created a virtual center of excellence with collective knowledge within the community including the Bhujal Jankars, Farmers and Women groups, and village panchayat. Higher-level expertise and continuous training are provided by ACT, which also brings additional expertise e.g. KVK for farming - KVK, and WIN Foundation for innovations. For gender equity, Women Bhujal Jankars are being increasingly trained and in turn, they are initiating more activities through women groups, e.g. kitchen gardens with marginal farming families or ladies.

The local Panchayat bodies and Taluka development offices have also supported these processes. Now, ABhY has adopted some of these processes for scaling up at National Level and ACT has been allocated 123 villages in Mandvi Block under ABhY.


Water is a critical basis for life on our planet and essential for all aspects of human progress and quality of life. In our highly integrated and complex society, knowledge and innovation-based decentralized water governance with supportive centralized structures and practices are essential for the proper management of water for the long-term sustainability of our planet. To quote the father of our nation, Mahatma Gandhi, “The earth, the air, the land, and the water are not an inheritance from our forefathers but on loan from our children. So we have to hand over to them at least as it was handed over to us.” We owe it to the future generation to take the right steps.

Note: Views expressed by the author are personal.

About the authors:

Mr. Paresh Vora, is Director, India Operations, WIN Foundation. Mr. Paresh Vora can be reached for any comments/feedback at: [email protected]

Dr. Yogesh Jadeja is the Founder Director, Arid Communities and Technologies (ACT, ), Bhuj, Gujarat, a dedicated organization for Participatory Ground Water Management. He has nearly 3 decades of experience in water conservation. Dr. Yogesh Jadeja can be reached at his email id: [email protected], for any comments/feedback.

Mechanised cleaning of Septic Tanks: a socio-technological review

Linda Jasline, Bhavesh Narayani, Divanshu Kumar & Prof. Prabhu Rajagopal,
Solinas Integrity Private Limited and Center for Nondestructive Evaluation, IIT Madras

    • Societal context and Background

Dignity is an inalienable right that is part of the fundamental right to life. Justice systems all over the world have held human dignity to be the most important, fundamental, inalienable, and transcendental of rights. Yet, even after more than 70 years of independent India, we find a section of the society, the scavenging community, being deprived of this and being predominantly engaged in the practice of manual scavenging. The Supreme Court found in 2014 that there were over 9.6 million dry latrines in India that required manual emptying. In other data points, there are over 75 million households, which are connected to septic tanks that may require manual scavenging, comprising 40% of the households. Traditionally, the entire cleaning of the septic tank is done by manual scavengers, as shown below in Fig.1.


Indian law, the Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act 2013, which is the current law against manual scavenging, prohibits dry latrines and all kinds of manual cleaning of excrement as well as cleaning gutters, sewers, and septic tanks. This was an improvement from the earlier 1993 law which only gave importance to dry pit latrines. The act of 2013, apart from recognizing this dehumanizing practice arising from the inequitable caste system, also recognizes how manual scavengers are prone to serious injury and are always at a risk of death. The act envisages that sewers should be cleaned mechanically while manual scavenging will only be permitted in exceptional cases, with safety equipment by the employer. I unfollowed, this is considered a criminal offense even when it does not result in injury or death. The offender can be charged with a maximum of five years imprisonment and a fine of five lakh rupees. Additionally, an association of safai karamcharis, called Safai Karamchari Andolan, led by Bezwada Wilson (Ramon Magsaysay Awardee) has been instrumental in bringing the attention of the common public to the issue and rehabilitating some of them.

Despite these efforts, the practice continues unabated. Deaths arising from manual scavenging are commonplace in India, (1000+ people die every year cleaning these tanks) and there has been press attention turned to the scavengers’ dangerous conditions of work in the National Capital. A 2019 study done by the WHO (World Health Organization) showed that “weak legal protection and lack of enforcement” of the laws as well as the sanitation workers’ poor financial status (as the rehabilitation schemes remain ineffective) were the major contributors to the practice still existing. India is a federal democracy and sanitation remains under the purview of the states. Hence the implementation of the laws of manual scavenging remains under them, without any compulsion and commitment. Though some municipal bodies have begun adopting machinated sewer and septic tank cleaning in this attempt, this is occurring at a very slow pace. Lastly, this is a complex problem at the intersection of a complex caste system (shaping public perception) and a lack of technological development towards solving this issue.

  • Technological Solutions from India/elsewhere addressing Manual Scavenging

Minimal effort was given to finding a solution for this demeaning problem for several decades and no lessons were learned from other countries in this aspect. In France giant balls, but smaller than sewerage lines, are pushed using water at high pressure to unclog the sewers. Until now, there have been a few solutions that have been found in India. Some of the technologies that are available in the Indian market for sewer system cleaning are sewer drain jetting trucks, sewer jetting and flushing machines, gas detector masks, and sewer cleaning robots.

Fig. 2: Photograph of the giant ball for sewerage lines
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Fig. 3: Photograph of a sewer cleaning machine
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Fig. 4: Photograph of a sewer jetting machine
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Fig. 5: Photograph of a Mini sewer jetting machine
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    • The approach that may work

Taking a socio-technological approach to solving this problem could provide us with a potential solution. Firstly we need to understand the problem of cleaning fundamentally and then look at technological solutions. Moreover, we need to work on the ground with people and empower them to leverage these technologies for themselves, thereby contributing to their financial well-being.

Cleaning hard sludge from the bottoms of septic tanks and sewer lines is vital in the sanitation industry. Septic Tank is a poisonous environment, filled with a semi-solid and semi-fluid human fecal material that makes up about two-thirds of the tank. Diving further, the fecal sludge actually starts solidifying into a clay-like substance, and toward the bottom it gets rock-hard. Once filled, they are required to be cleaned every 2-5 years to stop sludge overflow and groundwater contamination. However, this results in the gradual accumulation of un-pumpable sludge at the bottom of the pit, which eventually fills the latrine and forces it to be abandoned. This is where manual scavengers come into the picture. The workers who are often assigned to clean the septic tanks die due to suffocation, exposure to toxic gases, that result in skin and breathing disorders. This is a stigmatized occupation that operates from the underbelly of social negligence.

    • Solinas, an IIT Madras incubated startup developing HomoSEP Robot to aid Sanitation Workers for Cleaning Septic Tanks

A team led by Mr. Divanshu Kumar at the start-up Solinas Integrity Private Limited () in collaboration with Dr. Prabhu Rajagopal at the Center of Non-Destructive Evaluation (CNDE), IIT Madras has been developing the ‘HomoSEP’ robot for automated homogenization & cleaning of Septic Tank contents. In the last year, the team has successfully completed trials of the next version of the HomoSEP robot (v2.0) which is more rugged and miniaturized for portability under laboratory, mock-up, and field conditions. A start-up “Solinas Integrity Private Limited” led by Mr. Divanshu Kumar and Dr. Prabhu Rajagopal in collaboration with the Center of Non-Destructive Evaluation (CNDE), IIT Madras has been developing the ‘HomoSEP’ robot for automated homogenization & cleaning of Septic Tank conHomoSEP robot developed by Solinas Integrity Private Limited in collaboration with Center of Non-Destructive Evaluation (CNDE), IIT Madras.

This HomoSEP robot will aid manual scavengers in cleaning the hard sludge without entering the potentially dangerous atmosphere of a septic tank. HomoSEP is a compact robot made up of five main modules. The bottom module can homogenize hard sludge with water to create a pumpable slurry, and the feeding machine module can push and pull the bottom module inside a septic tank manhole at a depth of 3-5 meters. The portable module is mounted on a mobile frame to hold the whole robot at actual septic tank sites. The electronic module is configured so that the entire robot can be operated by manual scavengers with a single remote. The suction module is intended to suck the homogenized slurry from the Septic tanks.

Solinas solution, the HomoSEP robot will be available from December 2021 for cleaning septic tanks. This robot will be operated by a worker using a portable remote control panel and SCR.

HomoSEP robot developed by Solinas Integrity Private Limited in collaboration with Center of Non-Destructive Evaluation (CNDE), IIT Madras.

About The Authors :
  1. Mr. Divanshu Kumar, Heading Involve Education & Solinas Integrity, IIT Madras | PM Awardee
  2. Mr. Bhavesh Narayani, Head of Product Development at Solinas Integrity, IIT Madras
  3. Ms.Linda Jasline, Project Manager at Solinas Integrity Pvt. Ltd, IIT
  4. Prof.Prabhu Rajagopal, Faculty in charge, Centre for Innovation at Indian Institute of Technology, Madras

Prof. Makarand M. Ghangrekar, Prof. Brajesh K. Dubey, Mr. Indrajit Chakraborty, Mr.Shreeniwas M. Sathe,
Department of Civil Engineering, P. K. Sinha Centre for Bioenergy and Renewable. School of Environmental Science and Engineering. Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur

Need for water recycling: In the current millennium, rising population and depleting natural resources have compelled governments and other non-government organizations to rethink their national, business, and international strategies. This reshaping of the present technologies, business models, and government policies has been guided by the sustainable development goals (SDGs) as set by the United Nations. Among the seventeen SDGs framed by the United nation as a roadmap, SDG 6 speaks about clean water and sanitation for all. In addition, SDGs 3, 9, 11, and 12 are also influenced by the water cycle. For instance, SDG 3 targets health and well-being, which is directly connected to providing clean and potable water to all. Similarly, SDG 9, which talks about industrial innovation and infrastructure development, connects the water recycling industry both in terms of technological innovation for affordable treatment and infrastructural development to support such recycling.

Thus defining the SDGs and their impact on water usage and vice-versa, it can be understood that wastewater treatment and recycling can contribute to the SDGs. Put in simple words, the treated water from the sewage and effluent treatment plants can be treated to such an extent that would enable its recycling for different non-potable industrial, institutional and domestic usage. Such usage would reduce the stress on the freshwater reserves and also the cost of water treatment infrastructure. This would also create more hygienic water practices as presently, large portions of developing nations discharge wastewater in natural water bodies due to a lack of proper sewage treatment facilities. Discharge of such untreated water impacts the life on aqua as well as terra. Hence, treatment and recycling would again contribute to SDG 14 and 15, which talks about reducing pollution load in marine and terrestrial environments.

Hence, building on the SDGs, government agencies, as well as private players, are adapting to this paradigm change and investing research, resources, and framing recycling models for future setups. The Indian scenario is no different and the Government of India has also devised several strategies and projects for the conservation of water resources. Pollution control boards, municipal bodies, and different local regulatory and civic authorities across the country are focusing on wastewater treatment and reclamation projects as compared to the previous treatment and discharge policies. At this juncture, although such projects can achieve treatment of wastewater, however, several factors intimidate the end-user towards the reuse of this treated water. The risk of bacteriological and pathogenic contamination, the quality of treated water not meeting the discharge standards, and the fear of infringement of personal hygiene reduce the acceptability of such practices. For ensuring reliability and transparency, the designed systems must be well tested prior to implementation in the public domain. Additionally, to lure the corporate players the treatment cost offered by such systems should be reasonably low to out-compete other water sources in the water-scarce regions of the country.

Glimpses of technologies involved: Different technologies are involved in wastewater treatment for facilitating reuse. The treatment technologies can be broadly classified into primary physical operations, secondary biological and biochemical processes, and tertiary adsorption, advanced oxidation, coagulation ion exchange, and membrane filtration processes. The list is indicative and with continuous research and development, newer technologies are being introduced. In principle, the primary physical operations, such as screens, grit chamber, and sedimentation tank, are installed to remove floating objects, gritty materials, and settleable particles, respectively. A certain fraction of organic matter is also removed during sedimentation.

The secondary processes are majorly biological in nature, the mode of operation is either aerobic or anaerobic. In the case of aerobic processes, the activated sludge process and its variations, aerated lagoons, oxidation ponds are popular. Within the domain of anaerobic digestion, expanded bed granular reactor, upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor, anaerobic baffled reactor, anaerobic sequencing batch reactor, etc. can be named. The tertiary treatment processes are often in the form of multigrade filters, membrane filtration for high effluent quality, dialysis for removal of excess dissolved solids, coagulation and flocculation, advanced oxidation processes (AOPs), such as ozonation, chlorination, and UV radiation for disinfection. For treating wastewater to reuse quality, the AOPs are a popular choice for the removal of refractory compounds, that are not removed in secondary biological processes.

IIT Kharagpur team and activities: The IIT Kharagpur team consists of Professor Makarand M. Ghangrekar as the Principal Investigator and Prof. Brajesh Kumar Dubey as the co-principal investigator. At IIT Kharagpur, the main theme of research for the WIN Foundation project was the implementation of an effective treatment plant with multistage tertiary treatment to produce treated water of non-potable contact reuse quality without the usage of membrane processes. Hence, the treatment plant designed and commissioned at the sewerage pumping station three inside the IIT Kharagpur campus comprises of two-stage biological treatment followed by an optional chemical dosing assisted state-of-the-art settler-clarifier unit, dual media filter, and three-stage disinfection units followed by a pressurized activated carbon filter. The final treated effluent can be either circulated to meet the horticultural needs and an in-house aquaculture pond or can be diverted towards the in-campus agricultural fields and toilet flushing water, which is proposed as future plan. The block diagram given below describes the process flow diagram. The piping arrangement is designed to enable bypass of any of the operational stages for the tertiary processes. This bypassing arrangement is advantageous to test a combination of the installed disinfection/ advanced oxidation processes (AOPs). The three-stage AOP consists of ozonation, chlorination, and UV radiation.

WIN Foundation modular treatment plant 300 m3 d-1 (a) Layout and (b) Real setup

Operation and monitoring of treatment plant

The 300 KLD treatment plant is under operation since January 2021 and has been continuously monitored for the removal of organic matter, nutrients, surfactants, pathogens solids, and dissolved ions. The results of the operated ETP indicate that the installation is capable of providing adequate treatment to domestic sewage and the water generated can be used for non-potable contact usage. The plant is capable of rendering satisfactory performance for wastewater reuse. The overall performance of the STP is as presented below:

# Most probable number of viable bacteria

The results of the operated STP indicate that the installation is capable of providing adequate treatment to domestic sewage and the water generated can be used for non-potable limited contact usage. The plant is capable of rendering satisfactory performance for wastewater reuse. The capitalized operating expenditure for this plant was estimated as Rs 15.87 per kL of wastewater treated with all three AOP combinations. Further identification and monitoring of different trace refractory compounds have to be undertaken in the next phase of research.

Broader vision and roadmap: The case studies at IIT Kharagpur provide a roadmap that can be adopted in other parts of the country for providing not only a safe sanitation practice but also an opportunity for curbing the demand for freshwater reserves. In cities like Bangalore, the current water tariff from tanker supplies soars as high as Rs. 50 per kL of water. Modifying the larger urban apartment complexes with such modular plants capable of producing pathogen-free and clean treated water can reduce the cost of water consumption. With the difference in electricity tariffs and accounting for the difference in manpower cost, the cost of such treatment can be kept as low as Rs. 17-18 per kL of water with the present model. Thus replacing the non-potable fraction of water supply with this treated water would lead to considerable savings.

In addition to the work done by IIT Kharagpur, other IITs, state research laboratories, and CSIR labs are actively contributing to research on water reuse. A more concerted effort in this direction can be achieved by connecting the stakeholders and experts. The collaborative efforts and knowledge dissemination are pre-requisite prior to India mobilizing towards such reuse practices. However, the advantageous position of India is that majority of smaller cities and a fraction of the megacities lack proper sewerage networks and STPs. Hence designing such STPs and corresponding reuse utilities from scratch would be an easier job than retrofitting older establishments. Moreover, building on the outcome of such case studies of the modular STPs, the city planning, and municipal regulations can be reframed to include mandatory and/or incentivized land and building taxes for such buildings that could practice such inhouse treatment of sewage and reuse of treated water. At this stage of planning city planners and urban civic bodies have to be brought on board. Among other roadmaps towards achieving such paradigm shift of treated water reuse includes convincing the end-user towards the reuse of such water. This can be achieved by seminars and awareness programs for which, government, corporations, and non-government organizations have to be brought into the picture.

The advantage of such decentralized modular STPs is that they can be further adapted for the peri-urban areas and rural communities. However, in such cases, training of the local populace to operate the plant and recover fertilizer and manure from the sludge produced and panchayat support towards financial management have to be micro-planned for each specific community. Easier said than done, such efforts of water recycling would require nationwide skilling of environmental engineers and plant operators, educating the general populace about the importance and advantage of such reuse, and more importantly, convincing the bureaucrats for adopting such policies at district and village panchayat levels.

About Authors :
  1. Prof. Makarand M. Ghangrekar, Professor, Department of Civil Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur; Head Centre, P. K. Sinha Centre for Bioenergy and Renewables; Head of School, School of Environmental Science and Engineering.
  2. Prof. Brajesh K. Dubey, Associate Professor, Department of Civil Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur; Faculty, P. K. Sinha Centre for Bioenergy and Renewables; Faculty, School of Environmental Science and Engineering.
  3. Mr. Indrajit Chakraborty, Ph.D. Research Scholar, Department of Civil Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
  4. Mr.Shreeniwas M. Sathe, Research Scholar, Department of Civil Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
WIN Foundation Innovation Support programs


WIN Foundation, with its Incubator at IIT Hyderabad, jointly organized the WIN Challenge – Track 1, in June-July’21. The focus area of this challenge is `Child Growth and Health Monitoring, using AI /ML’, a critical technology to tackle malnutrition in India. The jury members of `WIN challenge’ selected two candidates, who, together with their teams have begun work under the iTIC pre-incubation program to develop technology for Child Growth and Health Monitoring, with fellowship and domain-networking/mentoring support from WIN and funding and mentoring support through iTIC-IITH.



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Innovation for Social Impact

WHEELS India Niswarth (WIN) foundation's groundwork and impact - July 2021 Newsletter!

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Dear Friends,

As Executive Director of WIN Foundation, it is my pleasure to address all of you through this newsletter.

WIN Foundation was set up with a generous contribution by our Founder and Chairman, Mr. Chirag Patel, with a vision to bring innovative ideas for bringing sustainable impact among the poor and lower-middle-class communities in India, in the twin domains of (i) Water and Sanitation and (ii) Maternal and Child Health. In a short span of 3 years, we have supported several innovative projects and established unbelievably valuable partnerships. This issue brings the spotlight on innovations by startups and institutions to tackle critical challenges in our domains, and how WIN Foundation support has enabled our NGO partners to weave in these innovations within their projects and empowered the communities to use them, improving their quality of life and livelihoods.

While the covid pandemic has devastated the world including India, we remain committed to our vision, partnerships, and projects. Our partners have shown exemplary determination to continue projects in the field under trying circumstances. Our communities have demonstrated an ability to quickly grasp new technologies like web-video calls for communication and training.

The WIN team continues to engage with multiple stakeholders, including reputed NGOs, premier Institutions, and innovative startups, to bring product innovations, technologies and processes at the ground level to empower communities at the grassroots.

New initiatives like an upcoming skilling platform and an Agri-water data system for smart agriculture aim to strengthen the ongoing projects with greater depth and build sustainability and scalability among the marginal communities. India is now coming out of the 2nd wave of the pandemic and has redoubled its efforts to fight the covid pandemic, including the increase in the pace of vaccinations. The monsoon has also started promisingly. We look forward to working vigorously with our partners, to make a positive impact on our communities. Please feel free to reach out to us, at [email protected], to offer suggestions and ideas to explore partnerships for social impact.

ronMehta Sincerely,

Ron Mehta
Executive Director, WIN Foundation
(Guest Editorial)
India saw the quarter started with a severe impact of the 2nd wave of Covid19, with record-high cases and distress, in April and May. Large parts of the country faced lockdowns. Since mid-May, cases have declined and the country has opened up in June. During this tough period, WIN Foundation contributed to a program to cater to the survival needs of urban poor and homeless in the communities of Ahmedabad, by our partner, MHT.

All through the pandemic, WIN Foundation has focused on the following:
  1. How to best support partners and communities, to ensure that our projects continue and then recover once things return to normal.
  2. Generate new ideas, proposals, and activities, which create long-term impact potential.

Under our Innovative Product Market validation support scheme we recently introduced an innovative technology for Modular Cold Chain solutions, developed by Tan90 Thermal Solutions, in the Kutch, Gujarat, through our community partner Kutch Fodder Fruit & Forest Development Trust, together with Tata Power - Mundra, Kutch. This enables better storage and transportation for Fresh Vegetables, Fruits, Flowers, etc., for longer life.

To enable better use of data from the several waters, weather, and soil measurement equipment from startups we introduced last year, we are working on a web+mobile application to provide integrated data storage on the cloud, and dashboard views with combined data, to generate advisory for smart agriculture and water conservation.

To deepen and scale up the empowerment at the grassroots through skilling, we are developing an online skilling platform ”Skilling-to-WIN”, using the open edx platform from MIT/Harvard. The platform is offered to other NGOs and skilling providers at no cost, to offer their skilling programs for social impact.

Under our collaboration with the iTIC Incubator at IIT Hyderabad, to scout new technologies/solutions for critical technology needs in (i) Maternal Child health and (ii) Water and sanitation, we launched `WIN Challenge - Track 1’ for AI/ML solutions for -Child Growth and Health Monitoring.

We have signed an MOU with Coastal Power Gujarat Ltd (a subsidiary of Tata Power Ltd) CGPL with an objective to explore areas of cooperation for supporting grassroots innovations and social impact startups.

Need for Social Impact Innovations

Innovations for social impact domains are essential to make a quantum jump in improving the quality of life, livelihoods, and earnings, for the poor and lower-middle-class communities, and particularly among the rural and tribal areas in the country.

Empowerment of the community to take ownership of the adoption process is a must, including quality skilling, for innovations to take root and succeed. This also increases the circular economy within the community, maintains social vitality, and brings in a strong sense of self-governance.

Following are some examples of the strong community impact of innovative technologies, products, and services:
  1. Digital Technologies and platforms now serve as access points for delivering a variety of electronic services to villages, encourage digital and financial inclusivity, promote rural entrepreneurship, and building rural livelihoods.
  2. Point of care health tech devices enables field health workers to provide better value-added health services for improved diagnostic and therapeutic care to rural and tribal areas, as well as urban slums.
  3. In agriculture, which employs maximum people in rural India, new technologies, coupled with smart farming practices, help farmers shift from input-intensive agriculture to knowledge-intensive agriculture.
  4. Water recharge structures and water level and flow monitoring help water security for villages, assuring them water for the household, agricultural, and other needs.

In subsequent pages, we give many examples of WIN Foundation's experiences in introducing the above innovations.
Interview with Dr. Chintan Vaishnav, Mission Director, Atal Innovation Mission, Niti Aayog, Government of India.
chintan 1. Tell us something about your journey in innovations for society?

As a 20 year doing Bachelor in Engineering in Bangalore, the thought that my work ought to improve lives became strong in my mind and influenced most of my major career decisions. After completing my Masters in Electrical and Computer Engineering in the US, my professional journey began with a 6-year stint of purely engineering-focused R & D work at Bell Laboratories, working at the forefront of Information Technology research. The motive that impelled me then to leave behind such engineering-focused corporate research to become a “penniless graduate student” of interdisciplinary studies at MIT was the observation that, while we do know how to produce a technological artifact, because of lack of well-developed theories about how that artifact impacts its environment (e.g., market, policy, society), we fail to address some of our most pressing challenges, such as hunger and poverty.

My journey as a socio-technologist began at MIT during my Ph.D. in Engineering Systems (now called “MIT Institute for Data Systems and Society”). Here, I learned to apply cutting-edge tools to study, design, and implement large-scale socio-technical systems comprising both technological and human complexity. Since then, the long-term objective that has motivated my research, and therefore driven the selection of short-term projects within it, is: How can we avoid the gross inequity in the Information world, which we still endure in the material world?

2. Why are innovations critical for social impact? How can they be promoted on a larger scale among the communities and how can communities be partners in the process?

Innovations — be it technological, commercial, or behavioral — offer a way to induce non-linear improvements in society. For example, biometric ID like Aadhaar had a visible impact on financial inclusion in a non-linear fashion. Such an impact in a limited time frame is more likely with technological innovations.

While Aadhaar is a top-down intervention, many bottom-up innovations can be developed for and with society. Such efforts are visible in all domains like health, water, agriculture, energy, environment, etc. In my experience, promoting such innovations on a large scale requires a clear understanding of the problem faced by the society; a high-quality solution that is affordable, stable and reliable; and a business model that is inclusive of the communities that engage in producing, distributing and using the solution.

The core logic behind community partnership is the following: one can pass on something to the community only if the product or service commands enough margin based on the value created that someone would pay for. Such margin is a function of the quality of technology and/or service. Of course, the innovator needs a mindset to share it equitably; in other words, to distribute a part of one’s own profit to maximize the impact.

3. What are key initiatives taken by the Atal Innovation Mission for supporting innovations, important for society, across the country?

At one level, with its mandate to create a culture of innovation and entrepreneurship throughout the country, all of the work supported by the Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) has a societal angle. Our innovation ecosystem, with all its fervor and excitement, is still in an early stage, having tapped only a small portion of our nation’s creative potential. Also, the innovation infrastructure seeded by Atal Innovation Mission via the various Atal Tinkering Labs, Atal Incubation Centers, and Atal Community Innovation Centers is yet to see a self-sustaining revenue model. AIM's work fills this market gap to create an ecosystem for society.

To support infrastructure for innovation specifically focused on societal impact, AIM launched Atal Community Innovation Centers (ACIC), with the goal to spur community innovation in underserved and unserved areas of the country. Presently, there are eight ACICs across the nation operated by community organizations. The nature of problems and innovations in these centers are distinctly different from those in incubation centers located in large cities. One not only finds the local problems being articulated but also the innovators who understand them and are passionate about solving the problems of their communities. The nature of support they need is also different: being able to operate in regional language, tools to develop personally as well as technical skills, and so on. The mandate of this program is to have 50 such centers.

4. How do you see the role of foundations like WIN Foundation in social innovation for social impact?

Foundations like WIN Foundation bring a unique form of support to the social impact space, with a rare combination of both the grassroots as well as global experience. They have empathy for the problems of our underserved communities, an understanding of what can be done in terms of innovation to address them, and the sophistication to help innovators operate in the most structured markets. It is my hope that their work will help us harness the immense creativity exhibited by innovators that hail from the second, third, and fourth-tier cities of our nation. Presently, I see much potential in these areas yet a weak innovation ecosystem to support them. WIN Foundation’s operation in this geography can produce a win-win for everyone.

About Dr. Chintan Vaishnav :
Dr. Chintan Vaishnav, is currently Mission Director, Atal Innovation Mission, Niti Aayog, Government of India. He is a Senior Lecturer at MIT's Sloan School of Management and is Academic Director and a member of the founding team of MIT Tata Center for Technology and Design. He is a socio-technologist, and his work encompasses understanding human as well as technological complexity in large systems, and creating socio-technical systems for improving lives in underserved communities. He holds a Ph.D. in Engineering Systems from MIT. He also holds a BA in Indian Classical Music.

Key challenges in bringing social impact innovation at grassroots:

  1. Lack of knowledge and trust among “customers”, to try out new products, due to lack of connection between innovators/sellers and the communities.
  2. Lack of local skilled persons to install and maintain the products and services, leading to high cost and poor upkeep.
  3. The above results in even poor customers paying a high price for products and services in financial and non-financial terms. E.g. cost of poor healthcare services leads to frequent and debilitating diseases directly affecting their earnings, while poor agricultural practices lead to poor crop yields, soil erosion, and often unpaid loans.
WIN Foundation support for social impact innovations

WIN Foundation supports innovations in our domains at the grassroots through the following programs:
  1. Scout and support innovations through institutions, startups, and other grassroots innovators, bringing ecosystem support at various stages in a startup’s journey.
  2. Identify startups with promising innovative technologies, products, and business models, and support them for the critical product-market validation phase through our partner NGOs.
  3. Open up opportunities for funding for growth through suitable connects

We promote positive behavior change in the communities by making them partners in the adoption of innovations through the following:
  1. Help innovative product introduction in communities through partnerships with key NGOs, to help trial the product, with community empowerment, training, and involvement.
  2. Train grassroots level youth, including proactively involving women and girls, to understand, deploy, use and maintain the technology and products. This enables them to be change agents in their communities, improve their livelihoods and earning potential, and drive a greater local circular economy.
  3. Enable the NGOs to provide better services with greater innovation and technology quotient.

Overview of challenges in WATSAN that drive innovations

Within WATSAN, the following diagram depicts the major challenges and innovation drivers in Water.

watson To maximize water availability and optimize its usage, accurate and frequent measurements for (i) water availability, water levels and water quality, (ii) soil moisture, soil nutrients, and (iii) monitoring weather play a major role, enabling feedback for precise control, use and treatment of water and other resources. In addition, for agriculture, the crop status data also helps in determining irrigation needs, throughout the crop season. This, in turn, has driven the development of innovative low-cost field usable devices for measurements and quick results. The combined data enables a holistic view and for better and timely decisions. This also empowers the local communities with greater understanding and application of knowledge and tools.

Innovative products introduced by WIN through its Innovative Product Market Validation scheme:
WIN Foundation has supported a range of such innovations from several startups.

Soil and Weather Monitoring Stations
img2 Low-cost Soil and Weather Monitoring Stations technology has been designed, with the capability to transmit data to the cloud in real-time, to provide information on soil moisture and weather including rainfall, humidity, etc, to enable irrigation decisions.

Start-up: Proximal Soilsense Technologies, Founders: Dr. Rajul Patkar, Ph.D., IIT Bombay, co-founders: Prof. Maryam S Baghini, Professor, IIT Bombay, and Prof. V Ramgopal Rao, Director, IIT Delhi and formerly faculty at IIT Bombay. (Supported under WIN Innovative market validation program, through its community Partner ACT).

Dr. Rajul Patkar
Founder of Proximal
Soilsense Technologies
We started a technology pilot with Win Foundation and their community partners, ACT (Arid Communities and Technologies). A few brainstorming sessions along with WIN and ACT paved the way to add a few more important features to the existing platform that would not only benefit ACT but would also help SoilSens in improving the product for other stakeholders. Win foundation has not only connected us to ACT but also their other partners like CGPL and KFFFT. I would like to state that working with WIN Foundation would be akin to working with an extended family. The support that WIN Foundation, especially Mr.Paresh Vora and Dr.Yogesh Jadeja, provided to SoilSens is invaluable.

Soil and water testing kit
img3 Low Cost and Field usable Water and Soil Testing Kits enable estimation of the concentration of nutrients as well as contaminants, in order to determine fertilizers or other corrective steps for soil and water, for specific crops, in a precise and dynamic manner. Water testing also enables determining the potability of water and treatment for potability.

Start-up developing Technology: Foundation For Environmental Monitoring (FFEM), Bangalore, Founder: Mr. Samuel Rajkumar (Supported under WIN Innovative market validation program, through its community Partners ACT, Samerth).

Electronic Groundwater level Sensors
img4 Electronic Borewell Water level sensors monitor the level of water in tanks, borewells, and dug wells, at low cost, and transmit changes in water level to a cloud server in real-time. This enables farmers, village panchayats, village clusters, to monitor groundwater levels in individual wells, and overall groundwater availability in the zone being monitored. It can also be used to remotely control the operation of pumps if required. Start-up developing Technology: CFar Sensors India Pvt.Ltd., Pune, Founders: Mr.Craig Desouza and Mr.Rahul Chauhan (Supported under WIN Innovative market validation program, through its community Partners ACT).

img5User's Voice:
Koli Dharamshi Baubhai, Sharneshwar near Badalpar village says that” The soil testing process is new to me, and I have done it for the first time for my farmland and I will start mixing the necessary ingredients which will improve the condition of my soil in the coming monsoon season. Samerth’s team has provided me the necessary information for the improvement of my farmland.”

Agri and Water data system
This system brings together data on soil, water, weather, and crop progress, collected from (i) various instruments mentioned earlier, (ii) manual measurements, and (iii) public data like weather, to provide an integrated view of data, This will enable multi-level decision making, (i) by farmer themselves and (ii) from which experts who can provide more refined advisories at farm and village level, enabling marginal farmers to implement smart agriculture practices. Over 2 – 3 years, such collected data will also enable AI/ML techniques for more impactful advisories.

Startup developing the above application and platform: Proximal Soilsense Technologies, with ACT as an on-ground implementation partner. The application is sponsored and supported by WIN Foundation.

img6 img7

Modular Cold chain - storage and transport
Need: Almost 40% of farm produce goes to waste due to improper storage and transportation facilities. Efficient cold chain systems can reduce food product wastage by 75%. However, cold chain systems tend to be large and capital intensive. Tan90 has developed modular Cold Chain solutions for storage and transport for Fresh Vegetables, Fruits, Flowers, and Fish. (Agri-Nutrition). With capacities ranging from 20 liters to 600 liters, these come at an affordable price for marginal farmers, FPOs, etc. They are also energy efficient, including some products using natural evaporative cooling. They can extend the shelf life of the fresh perishable products by 2 - 4 days, thereby reduce wastage, provide better quality for a longer time, and more time to reach larger markets, resulting in better price realization and earnings for farmers. Start-up developing Technology: Tan90 Thermal Solutions Pvt. Ltd., Chennai, Co-Founder - Dr. Soumalya Mukherjee (Supported under WIN Innovative market validation program, through its community Partners: KFFFDT and Tata Power)

soumalyaTan90 thermal solutions are working on cost-effective de-centralized cold chain solutions aimed at marginal farmers. Through WIN Foundation, we have deployed our energy-efficient cold storage, meant for both storage and transport in Kutch, with Samriddhi as the community partner. Creating awareness about cost-effective cold storage is of primary importance, particularly when marginal farmers are the users. WIN Foundation, along with Samriddhi has helped us in setting up infrastructure, thereby creating awareness among the users. Not only that, WIN Foundation is working closely to evaluate the impact of the installed units, which forms the baseline for future installations that can reduce post-harvest losses, primarily for low value, high volume, and highly perishable leafy vegetables during the peak summer or during lockdown periods. We are excited to take our partnership ahead with the firm belief of creating more impact at the grassroots.

Dr. Soumalya Mukherjee
Co-Founder, Tan90 thermal solutions

Water Treatment/Recycling solutions:
Need: The modern lifestyle and industries have vastly increased the usage of water. This has also caused degeneration of water quality. Current technologies like RO are highly wasteful, generating a high % of highly salty reject water. Industrial and domestic wastewater contaminates water bodies and poses serious health problems. Recycling technologies can solve this problem and at the same time make available additional water for consumption.

Chakra household TDS reduction device using electrostatic principle and nanotechnology
img8 Rural household nanotechnology-based water purifier, through capacitive deionization, using carbon nanotubes coated cellulosic threads as electrodes. It reduces TDS from water up to 4000 TDS, by over 85%, with less than 5% water wastage, and running on a single 1.5 V cell. As against this, a typical RO system consumes more electricity and has over 50% water wastage.

Technology and field usable prototypes being developed by: Dr. C. Subramaniam, Associate Professor, Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay. WIN is supporting the development of this technology and prototypes.

Surface Engineered Particle-Based Water decontamination Filter
img9 Low cost, water disinfection using Surface Engineered Particle (SEP) technology. This provides effective disinfection at a low cost and using very low amounts of additives like silver-nano particles. It does not require any electricity, is gravity-driven, and can be used as a point-of-use water filter in rural or tribal areas or urban slums. The product can also be useful during crisis situations like floods, earthquakes, etc. Technology and field usable prototypes being developed by: Prof. Chinmay Ghoroi, B.S. Gelot Chair Professor of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Gandhinagar WIN is supporting the development of the prototypes and their deployment with potential users.

NanoPearl - Multivalent two-stage nano-engineered water purification solution
img10 NanoPearl is a multivalent two-stage solution, consisting of an adsorbent made up of conscious metallic nanoparticles embedded inside the nano-engineered crystal structure. It simultaneously tackles high TDS, heavy metal, and microbial contamination in a single unit.
Start-up developing Technology: NanoPearl – Deau Technologies Pvt.Ltd, Founder : Dr.Prerna Tomke

WIN sponsored category award winner– NBEC’20 (National Bio Entrepreneurship Competition, on behalf of Department of Biotechnology, Government of India).

Water Recycling plant to convert Water discharged from STP to Potable levels
img11 School of Environmental Science at IIT Kharagpur has set up a sewage treatment plant to treat sewage from the campus. With WIN Foundation support, a project is being undertaken to convert the output of sewage treatment plant right up to potable level water, by removal of Organic matter, Suspended solids, Nitrogen, Pathogens, Personal care, Pharmaceutical residues, through a multi-stage process which will pilot alternate low-cost technologies. At present, the project team is carrying out detailed performance analysis and also studying the viability of employing this technology in a village-level pilot plant.

This project is lead by Dr. Makarand M Ghangrekar, Head of School of Environmental Science and Engineering, and Professor, Civil Engineering.

Robotic device for cleaning septic tanks and sewer lines
img12 Need: Human cleaning of septic tanks and sewer lines, a highly perilous and undignified activity, causes several deaths every year. Though made illegal, an estimated 8,00,000 workers continue to work in the same dangerous manner, due to lack of better equipment and for lack of other alternative work, exposing them to toxic gases and filth.

Alcheme is developing HomeSEP, a robotic solution for cleaning septic tanks and sewer lines, by homogenizing, breaking, and then sucking out the sludge. The cost-effective and easy-to-use product aims to enable the sanitary workers to provide these critical services in a dignified and healthy way, without manual scavenging.

Start-up developing Technology: Alcheme
Founders: Prof. Prabhu Rajagopal Professor, IIT Madras, and Mr. Divanshu Kumar
WIN sponsored category award winner– NBEC’19 (National Bio Entrepreneurship Competition, on behalf of Department of Biotechnology, Government of India.)

Smart Retrofit Toilet Kit To Transform Existing Toilet Into Disabled Friendly Toilet
img13 Need: More than 55 lakhs physically challenged (in-movement) and 1.5cr osteoarthritis patients in India go through a painful experience while using a toilet.

Specially designed wall-mounted foldable commode attachment, providing height adjustment through motorized and non-motorized versions, make every toilet easily usable by disabled and osteoarthritis patients, thus increasing toilet usage with better hygiene. This also allows the disabled to use toilets on their own, with greater dignity, for both men and women.

Start-up developing Technology – Oston Technology, Founders: Mr.Kumar Kalika and Mr.Sayar Singh (Supported under WIN Innovative market validation program, through its community Partner: MHT)

Maternal and Child Health / Nutrition / Med devices - Innovations

Mother and Child health face major challenges of:
  1. Lack of medical diagnostics and care facilities in remote areas or urban slums, coupled with lack of doctors, and
  2. Poor nutrition practices and habits among communities.
Remote diagnostic and care: importance for the community
Easy to use and field usable diagnostic tools, along with training of field health workers, to use them to screen population in remote areas for common diseases, ailments, conditions.

Similarly, field usable medical care or therapeutic devices, used by trained health workers, can improve medical care in such areas.

Linking these devices and health workers through smartphones to telemedicine applications or social media platforms, with linkage to doctors, can greatly improve remote diagnostics and care. This also vastly increases the value addition of the field health workers, and creates a career path based on continuous learning.

TouchHb - Non-invasive hemoglobin measurement device
img14 TouchHb, developed by Biosense Technologies Pvt. Ltd., detects anemia without a needle poke, by identifying the presence of pallor in the conjunctiva. The easy-to-operate device enables field health workers to screen a large number of people in remote areas or slums.

Biosense Technologies Pvt. Ltd; with the help of WIN Foundation, partnered with Sevak Foundation. Through this, over 30,000 women and children in remote areas of Gujarat have so far been tested for hemoglobin and blood sugar, right in their villages.

Founder: Dr. Abhishek Sen, MBBS (Mumbai University), M.Tech.(Bio-medical engineering) from IIT Bombay. Biosense was acquired by Tulip Diagnostics in 2019.

Multispectral camera for timely detection of Cervical cancer
img15 Cervical cancer, with 1,20,000 cases per year, has a mortality rate in excess of 50% in the country. Current early detection requires the pap smear test, followed with conventional biopsy or colposcopy guided biopsy, requiring time and access to labs and doctors, limiting its availability for remote population

Cervical, developed by Sascan Meditech Pvt.Ltd, enables screening and early detection of cervical cancers and biopsy guidance, using disruptive multimodal imaging technology. Health Workers can be trained to operate the portable and easy-to-use Cerviscan device, and thus enable mass screening in remote areas.

Founder and CEO : Dr. Subhash Narayan
WIN sponsored category award winner– NBEC’20 (National Bio Entrepreneurship Competition, on behalf of Department of Biotechnology, Government of India).

Neowarm Self Heating Blanket for Pre-term Babies
img16 Parisodhana has innovated an Air activated Self-heating blanket for transporting pre-term babies from remote areas to hospitals in a safe manner. No electricity or hot water or any external heat source is required. It controls the ambient temperature for the baby at the required level for up to 8 hours and thus prevents hypothermia, which causes the death of around 1 million preterm babies every year.

With WIN Foundation support, the self-heating blanket has been tested in Gujarat, Telangana, and Maharashtra, with over 200 trials. Encouraging results and feedback from medical practitioners, in turn, has resulted in support by others to fund more trials.
Founders: Dr. Satyanarayan Kuchibatla and Dr. Ajay Karakoti

User's Voice
Alimelu, HoD, Neonatology, Niloufer Hospital, Hyderabad

I have been associated with Parisodhana for almost the last 3 years and we have done research on Neowarm. This is a very good simple device to keep the babies warm, with a lot of application possibilities, especially in the winter season. Even the radiant warmer is not keeping them warm enough for them and they start getting colder. If the baby gets hypothermic i.e cold, it does not use the glucose or the milk that the baby takes in properly as it is diverted to maintain the body temperature rather than giving heat. This device gives the baby warmth and helps in improving the babies’ weight. I see a lot of potential in the coming winter season we look forward to lot more babies being saved with this simple device.
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